Posts tagged ‘Wednesday Word of the Week’

Wednesday Word of the Week: trisulk/trisulc

Trisulc \Tri”sulc\ (tr[imac]”s[u^]lk), n. [L. trisulcus; tri-
(see Tri-) + sulcus a furrow.]
Something having three forks or prongs, as a trident. [Obs.]
“Jupiter’s trisulc.” –Sir T. Browne.
[1913 Webster]

Source: Free Dictionary.

a flame rushed up the night, lighting the whole sky with a livid glare. And in that trisulk flash Corinius beheld though the south-west window the Iron Tower blasted and cleft asunder, and the next instant fallen in an avalanche of red-hot ruin.

Source: The Worm Ouroboros by E R Eddison.

Wednesday Word of the Week: theophany/theophanic

An example of logophany, perhaps?

the·oph·a·ny
/θiˈɒfəni/

–noun, plural -nies.
a manifestation or appearance of god or a god to a person.

Origin:
1625–35; < Late Latin theophania < Late Greek theopháneia. See theo-, -phany

—Related forms
the·o·phan·ic /ˌθiəˈfænɪk/, the·oph·a·nous, adjective

Source: Dictionary.com.

It is the most immediate of the paths that put us in touch with the Almighty: theophanic matter.

Source: The Name of the Rose by Umberto Eco.

Wednesday Word of the Week: tatterdemalion

Another example of lexical erudition and a humongous list from The Name of the Rose.

tat·ter·de·mal·ion
/ˌtætərdɪˈmeɪlyən, -ˈmæl-/

–noun
1. a person in tattered clothing; a shabby person.

–adjective
2. ragged; unkempt or dilapidated.

Origin:
1600–10; first written tatter-de-mallian and rhymed with Italian; see tatter 1 ; -de-mallian < ?

Source: Dictionary.com.

From the story he told me, I pictured him among those bands of vagrants that in the years that followed I saw more and more often roaming about Europe: false monks, charlatans, swindlers, cheats, tramps and tatterdemalions, lepers and cripples, jugglers, invalid mercenaries, wandering Jews escaped from the infidels with their spirit broken, lunatics, fugitives under banishment, malefactors with an ear cut off, sodomites, and along with them ambulant artisans, weavers, tinkers, chair-menders, knife-grinders, basket-weavers, masons, and also rogues of every stripe, forgers, scoundrels, cardsharps, rascals, bullies, reprobates, recreants, frauds, hooligans, simoniacal and embezzling canons and priests, people who lived on the credulity of others, counterfeiters of bulls and papal seals, peddlers of indulgences, false paralytics who lay at church doors, vagrants fleeing from convents, relic-sellers, pardoners, soothsayers and fortunetellers, necromancers, healers, bogus alms-seekers, fornicators of every sort, corrupters of nuns and maidens by deception and violence, simulators of dropsy, epilepsy, hemorrhoids, gout, and sores, as well as melancholy madness.

Source: The Name of the Rose by Umberto Eco.

Wednesday Word of the Week: culverin

Monday was a public holiday in Korea – where I live – so there was no Monday Masterclass this week. It will return next week. In the meantime, here’s a new word for the Lexicon.

cal·en·ture
/ˈkæləntʃər, -ˌtʃʊər/

–noun
Pathology . a violent fever with delirium, affecting persons in the tropics.

Origin:
1585–95; earlier calentura < Spanish: fever, equivalent to calent ( ar ) to heat (< Latin calent-, stem of calēns, present participle of calēre to be hot) + –ura -ure

—Related forms
cal·en·tu·ral, cal·en·tu·rish, adjective

Source: Dictionary.com.

I had several men died in my ship of calentures, so that I was forced to get recruits out of Barbadoes, and the Leeward Islands

Source: Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift.

Wednesday Word of the Week: soigné

Post your own soigné sentences in the comments below.

soi·gné
/swɑnˈyeɪ; Fr. swaˈnyeɪ/

–adjective
1. carefully or elegantly done, operated, or designed.
2. well-groomed.

Also, soi·gnée .

Origin:
1915–20; < French, past participle of soigner to take care of < Germanic (compare Old Saxon sunnea care, concern)

Source: Dictionary.com.

How would she have preferred it: in terms of the Baltimore-Washington Parkway, the ’50s school of highway engineering or, most soigné of all, the Embarcadero Freeway?

Source: The Atrocity Exhibition by J G Ballard.

Wednesday Word of the Week: gonfalonier/gonfalon

Make a sentence with these words – there’s a prize for the best one.

gon·fa·lon·ier
/ˌgɒnfələˈnɪər/

–noun
1. the bearer of a gonfalon.
2. a chief magistrate or some other elected official in any of several medieval Italian republics.

Origin:
1580–90; < French < Italian gonfaloniere. See gonfalon, -ier 2

Source: Dictionary.com.

gon·fa·lon
/ˈgɒnfələn/

–noun
1. a banner suspended from a crossbar, often with several streamers or tails.
2. a standard, especially one used by the medieval Italian republics.

Origin:
1585–95; < Italian gonfalone < Middle French gonfalon, gonfanon < Germanic; see gonfanon

Source: Dictionary.com.

Finally it was the day of the execution, and a gonfalonier came for him, appearing friendly, for he asked what sort of man Michael was and why he was so stubborn when he had only to affirm what the whole populace affirmed and accept the opinion of Holy Mother Chruch.

Source: The Name of the Rose by Umberto Eco.

Wednesday Word of the Week: lazaret/lazaretto

This is a word taken from my current reading, R Scott Bakker’s The White-Luck Warrior. Unfortunately, the context in which the author uses it doesn’t match the definition (except in the sense of being a synonym for ‘hospital’) – especially as its root, ‘lazar’, means ‘leper’ (from ‘Lazarus’). I wonder whether a word with such a clear origin in real-world proper nouns has a place in the text of a secondary world narrative.

laz·a·ret·to
/ˌlæzəˈrɛtoʊ/

–noun, plural -tos.
1. a hospital for those affected with contagious diseases, especially leprosy.
2. a building or a ship set apart for quarantine purposes.
3. Also called glory hole. Nautical . a small storeroom within the hull of a ship, especially one at the extreme stern.

Also, laz·a·ret, laz·a·rette  /ˌlæzəˈrɛt/

Origin:
1540–50; < Upper Italian ( Venetian ) lazareto, blend of lazzaro lazar and Nazareto popular name of a hospital maintained in Venice by the Church of Santa Maria di Nazaret

Source: Dictionary.com.

A dispute at one of the watering tributaries between Galeoth Agmundrmen and Ainoni Eshkalasi knight lead to bloodshed – some twenty-eight souls lost, another forty-two sent to the lazarets.

Source: The White-Luck Warrior by R Scott Bakker.