Archive for April, 2008

loge

loge /loʊʒ/
noun
1. (in a theatre) the front section of the lowest balcony, separated from the back section by an aisle or railing or both.
2. a box in a theatre or opera house.
3. any small enclosure; booth.
4. (in France) a cubicle for the confinement of art students during important examinations.

[Origin: 1740-50; < F; see lodge]

Source: Dictionary.com.

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caïque

ca·ïque /kɑˈik/
noun
1. a single-masted sailing vessel used on the eastern Mediterranean Sea, having a sprit mainsail, a square topsail, and two or more other sails.
2. a long, narrow rowboat used on the Bosporus.
Also, ca·ique.

[Origin: 1615-25; < F < It caicco < Turk kayιk; r. caik < Turk kayιk]

Source: Dictionary.com.

luthier

lu·thi·er /ˈlutiər/
noun
a maker of stringed instruments, as violins.

[Origin: 1875-80; < F, equiv. to luth lute + –ier -ier]

Source: Dictionary.com.

colophon

I found this word in My Name is Red.

col·o·phon /ˈkɒləˌfɒn, -fən/
noun
1. a publisher’s or printer’s distinctive emblem, used as an identifying device on its books and other works.
2. an inscription at the end of a book or manuscript, used esp. in the 15th and 16th centuries, giving the title or subject of the work, its author, the name of the printer or publisher, and the date and place of publication.
[Origin: 1615-25; < L < Gk kolophn summit, finishing touch]

Related forms
col·o·phon·ic, adjective

Source: Dictionary.com.

crasis

Another word from I’m OK – You’re OK.

cra·sis /ˈkreɪsɪs/
noun, pluralses /-siz/
Archaic.
composition; constitution; makeup.

[Origin: 1595-1605; < Gk krâsis mixture, blend, equiv. to krā– (base of kerannýnai to mix) + –sis -sis]

Source: Dictionary.com.

n. 1. (Med.) A mixture of constituents, as of the blood; constitution; temperament.
2. (Gram.) A contraction of two vowels (as the final and initial vowels of united words) into one long vowel, or into a diphthong; synæresis; as, cogo for coago.

Source: The Free Dictionary.

charism

Came across this word in I’m OK – You’re OK.

Religious meaning

A charism (plural: charismata. From the Greek, charis – grace; the divine influence on the receiver’s heart, and its reflection in his or her life.) is a power, generally of a spiritual nature, believed to be a freely given gift by the grace of God.

In the study of church matters, it also refers to the particular grace granted by God to religious founders and their organization which distinguish them from other organizations within the same church. The term is used in this sense especially in the ecclesiology of the Roman Catholic Church.

Well-known Charismatic powers in Christian traditions:

  • Discernment of spirits
  • Laying on of hands
  • Exorcism
  • Glossolalia

Social meaning

The word is also used in social psychology in secular circumstances, and takes the meaning of personal influence on other people individually or as a group.

Religious orders (generally Catholic sponsored orders) use the word to describe their spiritual orientation and any special characteristics of their mission or values that might be exhibited because of the vows that they have taken and the orientation of the order to which they belong. An example might be the works of a teaching order as compared with that of an order that emphasizes care of the poor or the sick.

Source: Wikipedia.org.

broadloom

A prosaic word, but it was a new one on me when I read it in Oryx and Crake.

SYLLABICATION: broad·loom

PRONUNCIATION: brôdlōōm’

ADJECTIVE: Woven on a wide loom: a broadloom carpet.

OTHER FORMS: broad’loom‘ -NOUN

Source: Bartelby.com.